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Folk Catholicism Practices of the Tagakaolo Tribe: "An Ethnographic Study"

Romelyn T. Pongaron

· Volume I Issue IV

Culture has been deemed as an integral part of any practices in this living world. This study was conducted to deeply understand the Folk Catholicism practices of the Tagakaolo tribe in Barangay Pitu, Malalag Davao Del Sur, Philippines. Likewise, this study has linked to my profession as a Social Science educator who has the mandate to propagate socio-cultural dimensions among young adults. There were ten (10) Tagakaolo key informants placed under in-depth interview and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) during the immersion period. It was found out that Catholicism was introduced in Barangay Pitu, Malalag, Davao del Sur during the Spanish colonization of the archipelago. The natives were converted to Christianity because of their marital adaptation, free choice and their relationship to the other native Christians. These events allowed the Tagakaolo tribesmen to embrace the modern culture and incorporated them to their tribal traditions. The tribe’s folk Catholicism practices were evident in their everyday living especially as seen in birthdays, weddings, burial and community celebrations. The tribal attitudes toward this infusion taught them to become open-minded and resilient. The implication of this study is if no one cares to preserve the Tagakaolo practices, tendency of losing it to nowhere. Therefore, there should be a concrete action to be done like this study can be used as basis in formulating any learning materials that would help the Tagakaolo tribesmen especially the young to understand and appreciate cultural preservation.

Key Words: Folk Catholicism Practices, Barangay Pitu, Malalag, Davao Del Sur, Tagakaolo tribe