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· Volume III Issue III


In the 21st century, technology has become the knowledge transfer highway in most countries. Technology integration nowadays has gone through innovations and transformed societies that have total  changed the way people think, work, and live. As such, schools and other educational institutions need to consider ICT integration in the curriculum (Ghavifekr et al 2012). Integration of Information, Communication, and Technology (ICT) in education refer to the use of computer-based communication that incorporates into daily classroom instructional process. In conjunction with preparing students for the current digital era, teachers are seen as the key players in using ICT in their daily classrooms. 

As educators, our aim is to get students energized and engaged in the hands-on learning process, and video and photographic materials is clearly an instructional medium that is compelling and generate a much greater amount of interest and enjoyment.  Using sight and sound, video is the perfect medium for students who are auditory or visual learners.  With the added use of subtitles each student then has the choice to watch, listen to or read each presentation.  This alternative instructional materials stimulates and engage students creating interest and maintaining that interest for longer periods of time, and it provides an innovative and effective means for educators to address and deliver the required curriculum content.

The effectiveness of the learners’ performance in Araling Panlipunan subject is primarily affected by the teachers. These instructors are the ones who communicate the objectives, utilize strategies, and monitor the improvements of learners. In short, the teachers are the implementers and they are expected to deliver according to the curricular design. This study focused on determining the level of professional competence of secondary junior high school “Araling Panlipunan” teachers as to classroom management, teacher qualification and experience, mastery of the subject taught, methods, technique and strategy used in teaching .

The study comprised of some selected Junior Secondary school students involving Grade 7 to Grade 10 level. The sample size of 50 respondents which is 5% of all students in Junior Secondary schools in Sta. Teresita National High School was used.  Simple random sampling technique was used to select respondents on the basis that they are Junior Secondary school students and that they are enrolled in Araling Panlipunan subject.

This study is a descriptive method that seeks to unveil the effect of instructional material in the teaching and learning Araling Panlipunan. The researcher utilize video clips and photographic images to ignite students learning in  which it is expected to improve learners’ performance.                

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

Findings revealed that instructional materials play a significant role in determining the academic performance of students in Araling Panlipunan, the competence of teachers with respect to their knowledge of the subject matter, determine their choice and selection of instructional materials and those taught with instructional material perform better in an examination than those taught without instructional material. It is obvious that to improve the academic performance of students in Araling Panlipunan need using instructional material by teacher to instruct the students.  Effective use of instructional materials can help overcome the failure of students and it can also be used as an advantage to help teaching and learning activities go smoothly with less frustration.

Keywords: Instructional materials, performance, technology, effectiveness

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