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Truly, it is evident that there is a great evolution in students’ learning or education. In this modern era of education, students are viewed not as passive recipients of instruction but as active participants in the teaching-learning process and contributors to educational reforms and endeavor. These reforms in students’ learning or education are reflected in six major aspects. These include the current trends in learners’ academic engagement and educational reforms.

The first trend is that the current K to 12 program is mainly attributed to be student-centered. Learners are considered as the ultimate beneficiaries of instruction and not the teachers. Therefore, the teaching-learning process nowadays is purely learner-centered and not teacher-oriented. Secondly, current instruction highlights the activity-based approach across learning areas unlike before when it was purely lecture-based. Thirdly, most teachers resort to the localization of instruction to make instructional contents more comprehensible for the learners. The fourth trend is that most learning areas currently may integrate contextualization to make instruction more meaningful and life-relevant for the learners. The fifth trend is that students’ education nowadays is highly ICT-based. A huge number of learners are getting more computer literate and ICT dependent, thus teachers typically resort to technologically-aided approach to instruction. Most importantly, students’ learning at present should be value-laden and socially-oriented because education without good values is futile and meaningless.