Return to site


SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018





· Volume II Issue III


The study aimed to determine the relationship between theoretical test scores and practical test scores in Cookery of grade 9 students of Universidad de Sta. Isabel- Naga City. Data were gathered from records of scores of students for the written and practical test during the grading period. The researchers used the descriptive-correlation method to describe the level of learning and skills of students as well as the relationship of the two tests scores. There were 80 respondents coming from 5 sections of grade 9. Fifty percent from each class was randomly selected. The researchers selected three specific competencies in cookery: prepare pasta, prepare soup, and prepare chicken dish. The significant finding of the study revealed that students performed well in both theoretical and practical test about preparing pasta. It was found out that scores were not significant. Theoretical and practical scores on preparing soup and chicken dish were highly significant. It was inferred that scores in practical test is very much high compared with the theoretical test scores. The students performed well in practical test than the written test. The result showed that students had difficulty in learning the two other competencies in terms of terminologies, techniques and procedures. Thus, it is recommended that more engaging activities, lectures, and tasks should be provided for the students to acquire mastery of the competencies. This study also recommended that future studies should also focus on other competencies not only in Cookery but also in other subjects.

Keywords: theoretical test scores, practical test scores, cookery competencies, grade 9 students


To date, education has transformed into different systems and styles for the purpose of attaining full learning by students. These changes brought a lot of discoveries and realization in the part of students and teachers. It is encouraged that teachers must continuously reconstruct their expertise and be able to apply their theoretical knowledge in real life situation [1]. The development of expertise is a long process, during which theoretical and practical elements of students are integrated into a coherent whole. Theoretical (formal) knowledge and learning are necessary parts of expert knowledge. Formal learning occurs normally in a prescribed learning framework and in an organized learning event in the presence of a teacher [2]. But it is considered that, theoretical Knowledge is useless without using it in real life situation. Practical (informal) knowledge manifests itself as skills or “know-how”. It is where learning takes place by doing it in actual or applying it in real life. [3].

Considering the traditional style of learning, teacher acts as the star and center of attention inside the classroom. Learning is driven by the information of te teacher and students are the receiver of the information. With the new trends of learning style today, where students are collaboratively working, expose to an actual learning situation, teacher acts only as facilitator. With this case, there is a balance between the context of theory and practical learning [4].

The country started its transition from its old 10-year basic educational system to a K-12 educational system. The 2013 Enhanced Basic Education Act, including the implementation of the K-12 law, states that “The enhanced basic education program encompasses at least one (1) year in kindergarten, six (6) years in elementary, and six (6) years also in high school. Secondary education includes four (4) years in junior high school and two (2) years in senior high school”. The measurement of learning is outcome-based that is why we need to look the data in the College Readiness Standards (CRS) of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) demand as one of several outcomes of the K- 12 curriculum [5].

Learning system today is both a theory and practical. Students are exposed to contextualized concept of learning. Theories learned are applied in an actual situation where they can analyze and figure out how to come up with a certain output. Learning is more evidence based. Learning is said to be actualized if learning would able to make a product out of the theories they learned. Thus, learning may last for longer period of time because students have first-hand experience about their learning. In addition, learning is not only about knowledge and skills because attitude is also being developed. Students should learn how to value the importance of what they already know.

see PDF attachment for more information